Bladder Cancer, signs and treatment
There are various kinds of cancer that can affect the system of many people around the globe. Bladder cancer is the kind that starts in the kidneys of the patient. This happens when there is a build up of abnormal cells in the kidneys, which leads to a host of symptoms. There are many signs of bladder cancer which can be used in order to take timely action in terms of diagnosis and treatment. Have a look at the bladder cancer signs and symptoms along with the treatment measures that may be followed.
Urination Related Symptoms: Since the kidneys are the organs which hold the tissues that help in passage of urine, this disease will first show its signs in some changes when it comes to the urination patterns of the individual. The patient will experience the urge to urinate but will not be able to pass urine very easily every time the urge occurs. Also, there may be some amount of bleeding when it comes to urination, which can lead to pain during urination as well.
Pain Related Symptoms: Apart from pain during urination, the patient will also experience pain in other regions of the body that surround this organ. The back and abdomen are the two regions that will experience a lot of pain and cramps due to the difficulties experienced while trying to pass urine. Also, the abnormal cells may extend from the tissue of this organ and spread towards these areas, which will also cause significant cramps and bloating as well as inflammation which will give rise to pain.
Other Symptoms: Some of the other bladder control symptoms will include the increase in fatigue and stress levels of the patient. This will happen because the patient will not be able to pass urine in a normal way which can lead to a build of toxins and a feeling of fullness and pressure as well. This will also lead to a decline in one’s appetite which will further trigger weight loss.
Diagnosis: The diagnosis of the condition will take place by way of lab tests that will seek to study the blood and urine samples taken from the patient. Also, the doctor will conduct a physical examination as well as other imaging tests like ultrasounds, X rays and even MRI scans so as to study the kidneys and the surrounding areas. A urinalysis and biopsy may also be conducted so as to find out how much damage has already been done and how it may be treated and contained. This will also help in showing the doctor the exact progression of the disease so that the proper corrective treatment measures may be taken.
Treatment: Immunotherapy is one of the foremost methods of treatment followed by chemotherapy and surgery where a part of the kidneys may be removed so as to stop the progression of the cancer. This is called a radical cystectomy. There is usually a five year survival rate for most people who are suffering from stage 0 to stage 2 of this disease.