All you need to know about migraines

If you happen to be a victim of constant headaches, you are not alone. Headaches, especially migraines are attacks of moderate or even severe pain that occur as a result of specific alterations in one’s brain. However not all headaches are migraines and given below are some of the main indications and symptoms of a migraine.

Major symptoms of migraine

  • Nausea and sometimes even vomiting
  • Throbbing pain in the eyes
  • Extreme sensitiveness to sound and light
  • A pain similar to a kind of severe pounding that occurs normally on one side of the head
  • Blind spots

Common triggers of migraine
While the cause of migraine headaches cannot be clearly identified in some people, the most common culprits of a migraine include:

  • Rooms filled with smoke of any kind
  • Flickering or bright lights
  • Allergic reactions
  • Dehydration
  • Passive or active smoking
  • Physical stress like fatigue, exercise or jet lag
  • Irregular sleep patterns
  • Hormonal alterations like fluctuations in menstrual cycle, menopause or ingestion of birth control tablets
  • Tension headaches

Treatment for Migraines

  • Normally migraine is treated with either prescription medications or over the counter pills. Common medications include Frova, Axert, Imitrex, Sumav, Zolmitripan and Maxalt, etc.
  • It is found that alterations in diet and lifestyle and regular exercise can aid the lowering of the frequency of these migraine attacks.
  • Steering clear of foods that trigger migraine attacks is also a good move to combat migraines.
  • It has also been proven that drinking caffeinated beverages in small quantities can provide commendable relief during the primary stages.
  • Temperature therapy, both cold and hot compresses on the neck and head are found to provide a numbing effect that will help to relax the tensed muscles. Even having hot baths are found to provide relief to the pain.
  • Relaxing in a dark room with lights off and without any sound disturbances is found to be quite helpful in relief from pain.
  • Acupuncture is also a good alternative to provide cure for migraine headaches.

Preventive Measures

  • Having vitamin B2 supplements on a regular basis for around three months has been proven to be quite effective in lowering migraine frequency.
  • Herb butterbur has also been found to be a wonderful remedy to avert migraines to an extent as it aids proper flow of blood to various parts of the brain.