8 common types of neuromuscular disorders that you must know
Neuromuscular disorders are medical conditions in which the neurons that control your voluntary muscles are affected. The neurons that send signals to your voluntary muscles die or break down, and this leads to serious problems like muscle wasting, and joint and mobility problems.
In severe cases, neurological disorders can also lead to cardiac-related diseases or lung problems. In this article, you will be learning about some of the most common neuromuscular disorders that people suffer from today.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
ALS is a progressive neurological disorder in which the brain cells called motor neurons are affected. These neurons are responsible for the movement of various parts of the body. People who develop ALS gradually experience a full physical disability.
It is an inherited disease that is due to the mutation of the genes that affect the nerves of your hands, feet, and arms. A person suffering from this disorder is most likely to experience a loss of pain sensation, loss of muscle contraction and weaker muscles in the affected area.
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder where your own immune system attacks the myelin sheath that protects the nerve fibers. This leads to situations where your brain is not able to communicate with the other parts of your body through the nerve signals.
Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of disorders in which the person experiences a progressive loss of muscle mass and strength. It is most common in men, especially young boys.
Myasthenia gravis is a condition where your voluntary muscles weaken and experience fatigue. Some of the common symptoms that will help you identify this disease are a weakness in the leg or arm muscles, droopy eyelids and trouble with chewing, swallowing, and speech.
Myopathy is a neuromuscular disorder in which the muscle fibers are affected. You can recognize a case of myopathy from common symptoms like muscle cramps, stiffness and muscle stiffness.
Myositis refers to a medical condition that leads to inflammation in muscles. This inflammation could be a result of some injury, infection, autoimmune disease, or some medication.
Spinal muscular atrophy
Spinal muscular atrophy is a disease that affects the motor nerve cells of the spinal cord. It is most common in children, and a major concern in their case is that the disorder brings weakness in muscles that control breathing.
In most cases, genetic factors or some immune system disorder is responsible for the development of neuromuscular disorders. There is no cure for neuromuscular disorders so the only goal of all the treatment options for these disorders is to help you manage the symptoms better, increase your range of movements and to strengthen your muscles and joints.